Foreign Policy Watch: India-Pakistan

India, Pakistan to hold Permanent Indus Commission meet

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Mains Paper 2: IR | India & its neighborhood- relations

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Permanent Indus Commission, Indus Water Treaty

Mains level: Rising tensions between India and Pakistan over various issues

Meeting of the Permanent Indus Commission

  1. India and Pakistan will hold a two-day meeting of the Permanent Indus Commission
  2. The meeting will discuss various issues under the Indus Water Treaty
  3. This will be the 114th meeting of the Permanent Indus Commission (PIC), which should meet at least once a year as per the Indus Water Treaty (IWT)

India to raise the issue of dams

  1. The issues relating to India’s Ratle hydroelectricity, Pakul Dul, and Lower Kalnai projects, located in Jammu and Kashmir, may come up for discussion during the meeting
  2. Pakistan contends that these projects located in the Chenab basin were violating the IWT


Indus Water Treaty

  1. The Indus Waters Treaty is a water-distribution treaty between India and Pakistan, brokered by the World Bank
  2. The treaty was signed in Karachi on September 19, 1960
  3. According to this agreement, control over the water flowing in three “eastern” rivers of India — the Beas, the Ravi and the Sutlej was given to India
  4. The control over the water flowing in three “western” rivers of India — the Indus, the Chenab and the Jhelum was given to Pakistan
  5. The treaty allowed India to use western rivers water for limited irrigation use and unrestricted use for power generation, domestic, industrial and nonconsumptive uses such as navigation, floating of property, fish culture, etc. while laying down precise regulations for India to build projects
  6. As per the provisions of the treaty, India can use only 20% of the total water carried by the Indus
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