Mains Paper 3: Economy | Inclusive growth & issues arising from it
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: World Happiness Report
Mains level: Need for introspecting various governance factors affecting happiness levels in India
- The World Happiness Report- 2019 was recently released by the UN.
India’s slips down
- Indians are not as happy in 2019 as they were in 2018 and the country figures at 140th place, seven spots down from last year, a/c to the UN World Happiness Report- 2019.
- The overall world happiness has fallen over the past few years, which has mostly been fuelled by a sustained drop in India, which came in 140th place this year compared with 133rd place a year ago.
- Pakistan is ranked 67th, Bangladesh 125th and China is placed at 93rd position, according to the report.
- The list is topped by Finland for the second year in a row.
- The US ranks at 19th place despite being one of the richest countries in the world.
Who are most unhappy?
- People in war-torn South Sudan are the most unhappy with their lives.
- It is followed by Central African Republic (155), Afghanistan (154), Tanzania (153) and Rwanda (152).
About World Happiness Report
- The World Happiness Report is a landmark survey of the state of global happiness that ranks 156 countries by how happy their citizens perceive themselves to be.
- It is released by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network for the United Nations by the UN General Assembly.
- It ranks the countries of the world on the basis of questions primarily from the Gallup World Poll.
- The Gallup World Poll questionnaire measures 14 areas within its core questions: (1) business & economic, (2) citizen engagement, (3) communications & technology, (4) diversity (social issues), (5) education & families, (6) emotions (well-being), (7) environment & energy, (8) food & shelter, (9) government and politics, (10) law & order (safety), (11) health, (12) religion and ethics, (13) transportation, and (14) work.
- The results are then correlated with other factors, including GDP and social security.