Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.

India recorded about 3.9 million cancer cases in 2016, data shows


Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: NPCDCS, PMSSY, etc.

Mains level: Various efforts done by the government for countering the menace of Cancer


Rising number of cancer cases in India

  1. According to the National Cancer Registry Programme, India recorded an estimated 3.9 million cancer cases in 2016
  2. It is a programme under the  Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)

State-wise data

  1. The worst affected states were Uttar Pradesh with 674,386 cases, followed by Maharashtra with 364,997 and Bihar with 359,228
  2. In South India Tamil Nadu recorded 222,748 cases, Karnataka 202,156, Andhra Pradesh 159,696, Telangana 115,333 and Kerala 115,511 cases of cancer

Programme under the National Health Mission, for Non-communicable diseases

  1. An initiative of prevention, control and screening for common non-communicable diseases (NCDs) (diabetes, hypertension and oral, breast and cervical cancer) has been rolled out in more than 100 districts in 2017-18 under the NHM

National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS)

  1. The central government is implementing a “Strengthening of Tertiary Care Cancer facilities” Scheme under NPCDCS to assist states in establishing State Cancer Institutes (SCI)
  2. And Tertiary Care Cancer Centres (TCCC) in different parts of the country
  3. NPCDCS is being implemented under NHM for interventions up to district level
  4. The objectives of NPCDCS include awareness generation for cancer prevention, screening, early detection and referral to an appropriate level institution for treatment
  5. The focus is on three types of cancer namely breast, cervical and oral cancer

Other efforts done by the government

  1. Oncology, and its various aspects, has been a focus at places such as new AIIMS and many upgraded institutions, under the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojna (PMSSY)
  2. The setting up of National Cancer Institute at Jhajjar in Haryana and a second campus of the Chittranjan National Cancer Institute, Kolkata, has also been approved
  3. All these are aimed at enhancing the capacity for screening, prevention and treatment of cancer in the country
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