Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting India’s interests
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: 2+2 Dialogue, COMCASA, LEMOA, GSOMIA
Mains level: The newscard talks of success of the 2+2 Dialogue.
Fruitful conclusion of 2+2 Dialogue
- India and the United States sealed the landmark Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) that will lead to a new generation of bilateral military partnership.
- Apart from the agreement both sides also called on Pakistan to stop terrorist strikes on other countries and urged for maritime freedom in the Indo-Pacific region.
What will COMCASA provide?
- India has already signed two of them General Security of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA) in 2002 and the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA) in 2016.
- The COMCASA will allow the U.S. to transfer specialised equipment for encrypted communications for US origin platforms like C-17, C-130 and P-8I aircraft.
- It comes into force immediately and is valid for 10 years.
Specific additional provisions of the Agreement
- Data acquired through such systems cannot be disclosed or transferred to any person or entity without India’s consent.
- Both countries will implement this agreement in a manner that is consistent with the national security interests of the other.
- India and the U.S. will also hold a first-ever tri service joint exercise on the east coast of India in 2019.
Role for private sector
- Both sides announced their readiness to begin negotiations on an Industrial Security Annex (ISA) that would allow Indian private sector to collaborate with the U.S. defence industry.
- The GSOMIA allows sharing of classified information from the U.S. government and American companies with the Indian government and defence Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) but not with Indian private companies.
- To further defence innovation, a Memorandum of Intent was signed between the U.S. Defense Innovation Unit (DIU) and the Indian Defence Innovation Organization – Innovation for Defence Excellence (DIO-iDEX).
- This MoI will look into joint projects for co-production and co-development projects through the Defense Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI).