India successfully test-fires nuclear capable Prithvi-II

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Particulars of the missile and the IGMDP

Mains level: The test shows the preparedness of Indian Army in launching missiles from production stocks.


News

Prithvi-II missile test

  1. India has successfully test-fired its indigenously developed nuclear capable Prithvi-II missile
  2. It was tested as part of a user trial by the Army from a test range in Odisha
  3. The was carried out from a mobile launcher from launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur

Particulars of the Missile

  1. It is a surface-to-surface missile
  2. It has a strike range of 350 km
  3. It is capable of carrying 500-1,000 kilogram of warheads and is thrusted by liquid propulsion twin engines
  4. It is nine-metre-tall and  single-stage liquid-fuelled missile
  5. It was developed by the DRDO under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP)
  6. It is the first missile to have been developed by the DRDO under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP)

The test was a part of regular training exercise

  1. The missile was randomly chosen from the production stock and the entire launch activities were carried out by the specially formed Strategic Force Command (SFC) of the Army
  2. The test was monitored by the scientists of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as part of training exercise

Back2basics

Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme

  1. The Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) was an Indian Ministry of Defence programme for the research and development of the comprehensive range of missiles
  2. The programme was managed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Ordnance Factories Board in partnership with other Indian government political organisations
  3. The project started in 1982–83 with popular political support from the successive governments and bestowed under the leadership of Abdul Kalam who oversaw its ending in 2008 after these strategic missiles were successfully developed.
  4. On 8 January 2008, the DRDO formally announced the successful completion of the IGMDP
  5. It added that the strategic integrated guided missile programme was completed with its design objectives achieved since most of the missiles in the programme had been developed and inducted by the Indian armed forces
Defence Sector – DPP, Missions, Schemes, Security Forces, etc.
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