Mains Paper 2: Governnance | Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
The following things are important from UPSC perspective:
Prelims level: Not much
Mains level: Lobbying
- The Indian government has slashed its expenses towards lobbying in the US with a total payment of USD 120,000 to its registered lobbyist firm in the second quarter of 2017 — the first cut in nearly seven years.
- The disclosure has been made by BGR Government Affairs, which lobbied on behalf of Republic of India on issues relating to “bilateral US-India relations.
- Lobbying is a communication process used by members of a pressure group for persuasion.
- Lobbying is used to influence governmental policy process.
- It also acts as an instrument that links citizens and decision-makers.
- Lobbying takes place when a few members of pressure groups loiter in the corridors of power with a view to securing an opportunity to interact with legislators and to influence the decisions of the policy makers.
- They use a democratic process.
- Check the power of majorities.
- They have the ability to motivate legislators.
- Allow for better representation of interests.
- Provide positive solutions.
- They serve as an avenue for political involvement.
- Ensure an outspread dispersal of expenses
- They would often seek for the minority of people.
- They only have one track in mind.
- They are only effective for themselves.
- They would commit serious crimes
- They lead to “hyperpluralism.”