Mains Paper 3: Science and Technology | Science and Technology- indigenization of technology and developing new technology The inclusion of Scorpene submarines,
The inclusion of Scorpene submarines, etc. will boost the strength of India’s navy.
From UPSC perspective, following things are important
Prelims Level: Note down about Kalvari, Khanderi and Scorpenes from this newscard, questions on them are possible in Prelims
- The first of the six Scorpene submarines, being built in India under technology transfer from France
- It is likely to join the Navy by July or August
- Kalvari- Kalvari is named after a deep-sea tiger shark.
- Six Scorpene submarines are being built under Project-75
- It is being built by Mazagon Docks Ltd. with technology transfer from DCNS, a French naval shipbuilder
- Trial for Khanderi: The second Scorpene submarine Khanderi, named after an island fort of Maratha ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji, was launched in the sea in January and will begin sea trials
- Chinese submarines: Chinese submarines on anti-piracy patrols had in the past docked in Sri Lanka, causing
concerns in New Delhi
- Other firsts: The construction of the first indigenous aircraft-carrier Vikrant would start trials in 2019.
- The Scorpène-class submarines are a class of dieselelectric attack submarines
- They are jointly developed by the French Direction des Constructions Navales (DCN) and the Spanish company
Navantia, and now by DCNS
- It features diesel propulsion and an additional airindependent propulsion (AIP)
- The Scorpène class of submarines has four subtypes.
- Under Project 75, six Scorpene submarines are being built with assistance and technology transfer from DCNS of France under deal signed in October 2005.
- The first of the series INS Kalvari is completing sea trials and will be commissioned shortly. The other four submarines are expected to be launched at nine-month intervals after the INS Khanderi.
- At Present, the Indian Navy operates only 13 conventionally powered submarines and two nuclear submarines.