Foreign Policy Watch: India-Iran

Iran proposes new regional forum for Gulf


Mains Paper 2: IR | Effect of policies & politics of developed & developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: GCC, Persian Gulf Regional Dialogue Forum

Mains level: Prospects of Gulf Politics in Iranian and Saudi Sphere


  • In a diplomatic initiative to address the lingering conflicts and mistrust in the Gulf region, Iran has proposed a new platform for regional peace building.
  • The proposal is among the set of fresh initiatives that Iran has taken in recent months that also included Tehran connecting with the Taliban for peace talks.

Why such move?

  1. The announcement of Persian Gulf Regional Dialogue Forum is significant as it comes in the wake of continued erosion of the Gulf Cooperation Council.
  2. The GCC in the recent years has been divided between the Iranian and the Saudi spheres.
  3. The new forum could focus on promotion of peace and prosperity in the region.

What Iran expects from this forum?

  1. The effectiveness of such a forum in dealing with threats like terrorism and extremism has left the countries of the region in a state of continuous state of insecurity
  2. Admission to such a forum should be based on accepting generally-recognised principles and shared objectives, notably respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity and the political independence of all states.
  3. The forum could connect people of various member countries cutting across all traditional boundaries.
  4. During the Raisina Dialogue, Iran said such a forum should offer membership to countries based on a set of general principles to address real issues that affect people of the region and the world.
  5. These measures could include freedom of navigation, assurance of free flow of energy and other resources and protection of the fragile marine ecology of the Gulf.


Gulf Cooperation Council

International Org. | Part 8 | Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)

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