ISRO Missions and Discoveries

ISRO & ROSCOSMOS to work together for first Indian manned mission


Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Gaganyaan

Mains level: India’s aspiration for a manned mission in Space.



  1. India hopes to send its first manned mission Gaganyaan in 2022.
  2. The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will be working together on the Gaganyaan mission.
  3. A MoU was inked between ISRO and the Federal Space Agency of Russia ‘ROSCOSMOS’ for joint activities in the field of Human Spaceflight Programme.

Russian Courtesy

  1. The Russian side has offered a ride to Indian astronaut a short visit to International Space Station (ISS) on board a Soyuz spacecraft for a short training mission in 2022.
  2. Russia had agreed to supply ISRO with the Rover for the second moon mission but this has not come through and now ISRO is building its own Rover.
  3. It was also decided to set up measurement data collection ground stations of the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System NavIC and the Russian Navigation Satellite System GLONASS in both countries.
  4. India-Russia space cooperation was very strong, with the Soviet Union being one of the three partners who helped India get off the ground with its space programme.
  5. The China factor has been a determining factor to the extent where India’s Chandrayaan 2 mission has been delayed significantly.

Training the Astronauts

  1. There have been debates about where India should train its astronauts.
  2. The options are of course the US and Russia and both have offered India all assistance in this regard.
  3. The ISS is a habitable artificial satellite in low Earth orbit.
  4. If successful, India would be the fourth nation to send a human in space after the US, Russia and China.
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