Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics etc.
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Particulars of the payload
Mains level: Importance of the mission
- ISRO’s first mission of 2019 will put into space a 130-kg military imaging satellite, Microsat-R.
- C-44 will be launched from the older First Launch Pad at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota.
Details of Launch
- The satellite would be placed within 15 minutes after take-off in a polar orbit 274 km away from Earth.
- This is much lower than any of its civil Earth observation spacecraft, which fly pole to pole over the globe at between 400 km and 700 km.
- Microsat-R and its payload come assembled from a handful of laboratories of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
- It is meant for military use.
- The satellite was assembled outside and ISRO only interfaced it” with its own systems and the launch vehicle, just as it treats any customer satellite.
- Other details are yet to be released by ISRO.
- Kalamsat is a communication satellite with a life span of two months.
- The nanosatellite is a 10cm cube weighing 1.2 kg.
- The satellite cost was about Rs 12 lakh Kalamsat will be the first to use the rocket’s fourth stage as an orbital platform.
- The fourth stage will be moved to higher circular orbit so as to establish an orbital platform for carrying out experiments.
- It is named after former Indian president Dr APJ Abdul Kalam and was built by an Indian high school student team, led by Rifath Sharook, an 18-year-old from the Tamil Nadu town of Pallapatti.
- It is the world’s lightest and first ever 3D-printed satellite.