Mains Paper 3: Security| Linkages of organized crime with terrorism
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Particulars of the Policy
Mains level: Militancy and cross-border terrorism in India
- These are the key points of a new “reintegration policy” draft that is under the consideration of the government to encourage militants hailing from the state to give up arms.
Draft Reintegration Policy
- J&K govt is considering a policy for return of youth from militancy.
- The policy draft is presently at the pre-SAC stage.
- It is subject to clearance by the State Home Department and the Chief Secretary.
- The State Administrative Council (SAC) is the body governing J&K, which is under President’s rule, and is led by the Governor and includes his four advisors and a Chief Secretary.
Features of the Policy
- The new initiative addresses the need for rehabilitation at a policy level through a two-pronged approach: reformative measures and opportunities of livelihood.
- There is also provision for a monthly stipend of Rs 6,000 for a militant who surrenders with a view to “encourage him to join the mainstream”.
- The initiative, however, will not cover militants found to have been involved in “heinous crimes”.
Why such move?
- The Army after the deadly Pulwama attack has made it very that anyone who picks up the gun, will be executed unless he surrenders.
- There is a very good surrender policy being initiated by the government so that they can join the mainstream.
- It is essential for the government to demonstrate its will to reach out to alienated youth.
- The successful implementation of a surrender policy is of utmost importance in J&K as there are a large number of surrendered or released militants (around 25,000).
- The successful rehabilitation of one hardcore surrendered or released militant will motivate others to follow suit.
- The proposed policy is essentially a revised version of earlier initiatives but with a renewed focus on socio-economic re-integration.
- It will be a haste to expect miracles overnight.
- It will take a lot of effort on the part of everyone to implement it successfully, especially the civil society and political establishment have a major role in motivating and bringing them back into the mainstream.