Foreign Policy Watch: India-Nepal

Kathmandu Declaration to Root out TerrorIOCRPrelims OnlyPriority 1


Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: BIMSTEC, Kathmandu Declaration

Mains level: Importance of Kathmandu Declaration



  1. The BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) is a regional grouping comprising India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan and Nepal.
  2. The regional grouping’s Kathmandu Declaration focuses on backing of terror by state and non-state actors, apart from connectivity among the member nations.

Kathmandu Declaration

  1. Describing terrorism as a “great threat” to international peace and security, India and six other BIMSTEC nations on called for identifying and holding accountable states and non-state entities that encourage, support or finance terrorism, provide sanctuaries to terrorists and falsely extol their virtues.
  2. The Kathmandu Declaration deplored terror attacks in all parts of the world, including in BIMSTEC countries, and stressed that there could be no justification for any act of terrorism.
  3. The declaration did not name any specific country, but Pakistan is often comes to light for providing safe havens to terrorists.

Other Details of the Declaration

  1. The declaration underlined the importance of multidimensional connectivity, which promotes synergy among connectivity frameworks in the region, as a key enabler to economic integration for shared prosperity.
  2. The MoU signed provides for optimisation of using energy resources in the region & promotion of efficient & secure operation of power system.
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