Forest Conservation Efforts – NFP, Western Ghats, etc.

Key ministries disagree over CAMPA fund


Mains Paper 2: Polity | Ministries & Departments of the Government

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: CAMPA, Public account, Consolidated Fund of India, agro-forestry

Mains level: Red tapism prevailing in bureaucracy and ways to remove it

Roadblock to the CAMPA fund

  1. Differences between the environment ministry and the finance ministry have become a roadblock to the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA)
  2. While the rules have been framed, the finance ministry isn’t on board

What does finance ministry want?

  1. Currently, funds collected under CAMPA directly go into the Public Account and from thereon to the states
  2. The finance ministry says it should be routed through the Consolidated Fund of India (CFI)

Why should this not happen?

  1. It could allow states to use it for purposes other than afforestation
  2. By way of example, the education cess that the government collects never necessarily gets spent on education


  1. The Supreme Court, in a 2009 order, had directed that an independent authority be charged with disbursing these funds, which paved the way for the Compensatory and Afforestation Fund (CAF) Bill
  2. Bill envisaged the creation of a permanent Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority
  3. This authority was envisaged as an independent body that would manage a corpus — collected from industries that have used forest land for projects
  4. These funds are meant to be used by states to implement agro-forestry in non-forest land to compensate for felled forest
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