Mains Paper 1: Geography | Geographical features & their location
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Malham Cave
Mains level: Features of the cave
- Israel unveils world’s longest salt cave.
- Malham is one of 150 caves in Mount Sodom, at the southern part of the Dead Sea, that are made of pure salt.
- Mount Sedom sits near the Dead Sea, a shrinking salt lake (and lowest point on Earth) that extends into Jordan, Israel and the occupied West Bank.
- A large part of the cave’s interior is covered by a fine dust that blows in from the desert.
- Massive slabs of salt, some amber-colored from dust and minerals, stick out in dramatic formations.
- A thin slab appearing to have been sliced out is nicknamed “The Guillotine,” while twin slabs that look like a pair of tablets in a different hall have earned the title of “The Ten Commandments.”
- Israeli researchers say they have discovered the world’s longest salt cave near the desert site where, according to the Bible, Lot’s wife was turned into a pillar of salt.
How old is it?
- Radiocarbon dating suggests it’s about 7,000 years old, its many passages carved by the very occasional rain storms that pass through the region.
- Even now, Malham continues to grow when water flows in and dissolves more of the salt.