Tourism Sector

Manipur Sangai Festival


Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

From UPSC perspectives, the following things are important

Prelims Level: Sangai Deer and its habitat

Mains Level: Promoting eco-tourism in North East India


Manipur Sangai Festival 2018

  1. The ‘Manipur Sangai Festival’, the biggest tourism festival of the state was recently inaugurated in Imphal.
  2. This year’s festival is going to create history as it is being organised at three venues of both hill and valley districts including Imphal, Mao and Keibul Lamjao for the first time.
  3. Altogether, 99 stalls from 10 foreign countries and 112 for India will be opened during the festival.
  4. Many foreign dignitaries, including 100 delegates from Myanmar will also be attending the 10 days long grand event.

About the Festival

  1. Sangai festival is an annual cultural festival organised by Manipur Tourism Department every year from November 21 to 30.
  2. The Tourism Festival, since 2010 has been renamed as the Sangai Festival as Sangai is the state animal of Manipur.
  3. Homage is paid to this shy and gentle Brow-Antlered Deer which is found only in the state’s floating Keibul Lamjao National Park in Loktak Lake.
  4. The festival showcases tourism potential of Manipur in field of arts & culture, handloom, handicrafts, indigenous sports, cuisine, music and adventure sports of the state etc.
  5. The tourism festival promotes Manipur as a world class destination.
  6. Noted sites associated with the festival:
  • Mao
  • Ukhrul
  • Lamboikhongnangkhong, Uripok
  • Keibul Lamjao
  • Khuman Lampak
  • Hapta Kangjeibung.

Sangai Deer

  1. The sangai is an endemic and endangered subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India.
  2. IUCN status: Endangered
  3. The brow-antlered deer or the dancing deer is found in its natural habitat only at Keibul Lamjao National Park over the floating biomass locally called “phumdi” in the south eastern part of Loktak Lake.
  4. Phumdis are the floating mass of entangled vegetation formed by the accumulation of organic debris and biomass with soil. Its thickness varies from few centimeters to two meters.
  5. The humus of phumdi is black in color and very spongy with large number of pores. It floats with 4/5 part under water.
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