From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : ILP, NRC, CAA
Mains level : Read the attached story
The Meghalaya Cabinet by an Ordinance approved the amendments to The Meghalaya Residents Safety and Security Act, 2016.
What is the Ordinance about?
- The existing 2016 Act deals with registration and documentation of non-state residents living in Meghalaya.
- The Ordinance seeks to extend similar rules to cover all non-state residents visiting or living in the state.
- This Act is indicative only for those people who are interested in visiting Meghalaya as tourists, labourers or for education and business.
- With the Act in place, they will need to comply with guidelines to be prepared in the form of rules.
The point of the amendment
- It came in the backdrop of the NRC process in Assam, which led to concerns among civil society and political leaders that people excluded from the Assam NRC might try to enter Meghalaya.
- Besides, political parties and activists in Meghalaya had long been demanding replication of the Inner Line Permit (ILP) regime of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Mizoram, which has now been extended to Manipur.
- While the ILP-regime states are exempt from the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), practically the whole of Meghalaya is exempt by virtue of special protections under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.
- The Ordinance itself was not a fallout of the citizenship legislation, but a precautionary measure in view of the Assam NRC.