Mains Paper 2: Governance | Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Read the attached story
Mains level: Controlling vehicular pollution
Govt to support research on methanol blending
- Methanol (M-15) blended with petrol and used in the existing BS-IV standard cars reduces carbon dioxide emission, a study conducted by Pune-based group.
- M-15 is a mixture of 15% Methanol with Gasoline.
- According to the ARAI, the study evaluated emissions in real-world conditions and used 15 per cent M-15 blend in vehicles and tested them for 3,000 km.
- The finding has been submitted Transport Ministry to support further research on methanol blending as the government aims to increase fuel blending to 20 per cent by 2030.
Why such move?
- India imports ₹7 lakh crore worth of crude oil every year.
- Using alternative fuels, we can divert ₹2 lakh crore for farmers to boost agriculture.
Fuel replacement plan and its benefits
- Adopting methanol in this scale would bring down pollution in the country by more than 40 per cent.
- By adopting methanol, India can have its own indigenous fuel at the cost of approximately ₹19 per litre, at least 30 per cent cheaper than any available fuel.
- According to NITI Aayog, at least 20 per cent diesel consumption can be reduced in the next 5-7 years and will result in a savings of ₹26,000 crore annually.
- Also, ₹6,000 crore can be saved annually from reduced bill in LPG in the next three years itself.
- Methanol blending with petrol will further reduce the fuel bill by at least ₹5,000 crore annually in the next three years.