MHA agency to ensure crime scene videography


Mains Paper 3: Internal Security | Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Particulars of the COB

Mains level: Aim of the COB


Central oversight body (COB)

  1. The Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has set up a central oversight body (COB)
  2. Aim: To ensure use of videography at crime scenes and video-recording of statements of witnesses in an effort to prevent botch-up at the crime scene and hostile witnesses, particularly in high-profile cases

Implementation strategy for the first phase

  1. The Home Ministry will ensure use of videography at crime scene in the selected cities and states within the next three months
  2. Cities with a population of 50 lakh or more, along with at least one district of every remaining state or Union Territory, will be taken up for the project in its first phase

Centre’s proposal for the state

  1. As per the proposal, the states will have to introduce digital cameras and establish secured portals, and investigation officers can email photographs taken at the crime scene to these portals
  2. The MHA has also suggested that the states set up an oversight mechanism, an independent committee to study CCTV footage installed to check human rights abuse at police stations
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