MHA seeks cabinet nod for Bill which allows death penalty for rape of minors

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: Governance | mechanisms, laws, institutions & Bodies constituted for the protection & betterment of these vulnerable sections

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2018, Article 143

Mains level: Rising instances of child abuse and measures to prevent them


News

Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2018

  1. The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has sent the Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2018, to the Union cabinet for approval, to replace the related Ordinance
  2. Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2018 allows courts to award death penalty to those convicted of raping girls below 12 years of age
  3. Besides providing for death penalty to those convicted of raping girls below 12 years, it also proposes to set up a National Registry for Sexual Offenders
  4. For rape with a girl under 16 years, minimum punishment has been increased from 10 years to 20 years, extendable to imprisonment for the rest of life
  5. The punishment for gangrape of a girl under 16 years of age will invariably be imprisonment for the rest of life of the convict
  6. The draft Bill has provisions to make it difficult for rape accused to get bail

About Ordinances

  1. Ordinances are temporary laws which can be issued by the President when Parliament is not in session
  2. The purpose of Ordinances is to allow governments to take immediate legislative action if circumstances make it necessary to do so at a time when Parliament is not in session
  3. It must be approved by Parliament within six weeks of reassembling, failing which it shall cease to operate
  4. Powers related to it are mentioned in Article 143 of the Constitution
Child Rights – POSCO, Child Labour Laws, NAPC, etc.
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