From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : FRA, Art. 371
Mains level : Special status to various states
The Mizoram government passed a resolution revoking the implementation of the ST and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 (FRA).
How did it revoke?
- Under Article 371 (G) of the Constitution, Mizoram has a special provision.
- It makes mandatory for all legislations of Parliament pertaining to land ownership and transfer to be first passed by the state’s assembly through a resolution before it can be implemented in the state.
- The revoking of FRA using the special status provision of the Constitution by the Mizoram government is very similar to how the enactment of FRA was prevented in Jammu and Kashmir using Article 370.
Why such move?
- A big chunk of forests in the state is owned by the Lai, Mara and Chakma Autonomous District Councils.
- According to the 2017 State of Forest Report by the Forest Survey of India, around 20 per cent of the total 5,641 square kilometres of the forest land in Mizoram is “Unclassed Forest” which is under Autonomous District Councils.
- The area of unclassed forest is lowest in Mizoram, among all North Eastern states.
- This also means that the potential for FRA implementation is also the highest in the state.