Mains Paper 3: Environmental pollution and degradation.
The following things are important from UPSC perspective:
Prelims: Nothing Much.
Mains level: This news talks about the findings of a study published in Lancet which ranks India number one globally on toll taken by pollution. The statistics from the study can be quoted in essay and mains answer.
According to a recent study published in the Lancet, nearly a quarter of fatalities in 2015 were in country.
- India is ranked number one globally on the toll taken by pollution, with a staggering 51 million deaths in 2015, an international commission has reported.
- Of an estimated 9 million premature deaths linked to pollution worldwide, the India accounted for about 28%.
- More than half of all global deaths due to ambient air pollution occurred in India and China during the year of study
- India and Bangladesh recorded the largest increases in pollution-related deaths among the 10 most populous countries for the year.
- While Pakistan, China, Bangladesh, and Kenya too reported one in four deaths due to the same cause.
- Air pollution took the heaviest toll in India, followed by water.
- China had the second highest mortality from air pollution and has far less fatality linked to water pollution than India
The leading cause of death
- Ambient air pollution was the leading cause in the country.
- While deaths from household air polluted by solid fuels came a close second.
- Half a million deaths were caused by unsafe water sources, while unsafe sanitation was behind
- Particulate matter pollution in the air was severe in several cities in India and China: average annual concentrations of PM 2.5 were greater than 100 microgrammes per cubic metre.
- Industrialisation, Urbanisation and Globalisation have acted as the drivers for the air pollution.
- Deaths linked to air pollution were a result of non-communicable diseases like heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Pollution has been responsible for most deaths
- Pollution was also responsible for three times as many deaths as AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria