Most pollution-linked deaths occur in India

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Mains Paper 3: Environmental pollution and degradation.

The following things are important from UPSC perspective:

Prelims: Nothing Much.

Mains level: This news talks about the findings of a study published in Lancet which ranks India number one globally on toll taken by pollution. The statistics from the study can be quoted in essay and mains answer.

 


News

Context

According to a recent study published in the Lancet, nearly a quarter of fatalities in 2015 were in country.

The Statistics

  1. India is ranked number one globally on the toll taken by pollution, with a staggering 51 million deaths in 2015, an international commission has reported.
  2. Of an estimated 9 million premature deaths linked to pollution worldwide, the India accounted for about 28%.
  3. More than half of all global deaths due to ambient air pollution occurred in India and China during the year of study
  4. India and Bangladesh recorded the largest increases in pollution-related deaths among the 10 most populous countries for the year.
  5. While Pakistan, China, Bangladesh, and Kenya too reported one in four deaths due to the same cause.
  6. Air pollution took the heaviest toll in India, followed by water.
  7. China had the second highest mortality from air pollution and has far less fatality linked to water pollution than India

 

The leading cause of death

  1. Ambient air pollution was the leading cause in the country.
  2. While deaths from household air polluted by solid fuels came a close second.
  3. Half a million deaths were caused by unsafe water sources, while unsafe sanitation was behind
  4. Particulate matter pollution in the air was severe in several cities in India and China: average annual concentrations of PM 2.5 were greater than 100 microgrammes per cubic metre.
  5. Industrialisation, Urbanisation and Globalisation have acted as the drivers for the air pollution.

 

Diseases implicated

  1. Deaths linked to air pollution were a result of non-communicable diseases like heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Pollution has been responsible for most deaths
  2. Pollution was also responsible for three times as many deaths as AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria
Air Pollution
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