Wildlife Conservation Efforts

MP seeks revival of cheetah reintroduction project


Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Asiatic Cheetah

Mains level: Reintroduction of the already extinct Cheetah in India


MP seeks reintroduction of Cheetah

  1. The Madhya Pradesh forest department has written to the National Tiger Conservation Authority to revive the plan to reintroduce cheetahs in the State’s Nauradehi sanctuary.
  2. The ambitious project, conceived in 2009, had hit a roadblock for want of funds.
  3. The proposal was to put the felines in the enclosure with huge boundary walls before being released in the wild, he said.
  4. Nauradehi was found to be the most suitable area for the cheetahs as its forests are not very dense to restrict the fast movement of the spotted cat.
  5. The country’s last spotted cheetah died in Chhattisgarh in 1947.
  6. Later, the cheetah which is the fastest land animal was declared extinct in India in 1952.

Financial Crunch – the key hurdle

  1. According to the earlier action plan, around 20 cheetahs were to be translocated to Nauradehi from Namibia in Africa.
  2. The Namibia Cheetah Conservation Fund had then showed its willingness to donate the felines to India, Mr. Dubey said.
  3. However, the State was not ready to finance the plan contending that it was the Centre’s project.
  4. The M.P. forest department need finances from the Centre for the project adding.
  5. It was estimated that an amount of ₹25 crore to ₹30 crore would be needed to build an enclosure in an area of 150 sq km for the cheetahs in Nauradehi.
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