Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Asiatic Cheetah
Mains level: Reintroduction of the already extinct Cheetah in India
MP seeks reintroduction of Cheetah
- The Madhya Pradesh forest department has written to the National Tiger Conservation Authority to revive the plan to reintroduce cheetahs in the State’s Nauradehi sanctuary.
- The ambitious project, conceived in 2009, had hit a roadblock for want of funds.
- The proposal was to put the felines in the enclosure with huge boundary walls before being released in the wild, he said.
- Nauradehi was found to be the most suitable area for the cheetahs as its forests are not very dense to restrict the fast movement of the spotted cat.
- The country’s last spotted cheetah died in Chhattisgarh in 1947.
- Later, the cheetah which is the fastest land animal was declared extinct in India in 1952.
Financial Crunch – the key hurdle
- According to the earlier action plan, around 20 cheetahs were to be translocated to Nauradehi from Namibia in Africa.
- The Namibia Cheetah Conservation Fund had then showed its willingness to donate the felines to India, Mr. Dubey said.
- However, the State was not ready to finance the plan contending that it was the Centre’s project.
- The M.P. forest department need finances from the Centre for the project adding.
- It was estimated that an amount of ₹25 crore to ₹30 crore would be needed to build an enclosure in an area of 150 sq km for the cheetahs in Nauradehi.