Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act

Nagaland declared as ‘disturbed area’ for 6 more months

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Mains Paper 3: Internal Security | Security challenges & their management in border areas

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level:  AFSPA, Disturbed Areas (Special Courts) Act, 1976, Naga framework agreement

Mains level: Insurgency in northeast India and ways to tackle it

Action necessary

  1. The entire Nagaland has been declared as “disturbed area” for six more months, till June- end, under the controversial AFSPA
  2. Decision to continue the declaration of Nagaland as “disturbed area” has been taken as killings, loot and extortion have been going in various parts of the state
  3. According to The Disturbed Areas (Special Courts) Act, 1976 once declared ‘disturbed’, the area has to maintain status quo for a minimum of 3 months

Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA)

  1. The controversial AFSPA empowers security forces to conduct operations anywhere and arrest anyone without any prior notice
  2. There have been demands from various organizations in the Northeast as well as in Jammu and Kashmir for repealing the controversial Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA), which, they say, gives “sweeping powers” to security forces

Framework agreement in Nagaland

  1. The AFSPA has been in force in Nagaland for several decades
  2. It has not been withdrawn even after a framework agreement was signed on August 3, 2015, by Naga insurgent group NSCN-IM with government interlocutor
  3. The framework agreement came after over 80 rounds of negotiations spanning 18 years

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