Narendra Modi govt planning to support ‘yogik’, ‘gou mata’ farming

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Mains Paper 3: Agriculture | Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Vedic systems of farming and important Vedic texts, Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana

Mains level: Organic farming and its advantages


News

Promoting obscure methods of cultivation

  1. The agriculture ministry plans to offer cash incentives to farmers who take up ‘yogik’ farming, ‘gou Mata kheti’ and ‘rishi krishi’
  2. According to revised guidelines of the center’s flagship scheme to promote organic farming, Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY), farmers will be eligible for an assistance for a three-year period for adopting these traditional methods of cultivation

Traditional farming promotion

  1. Farmers practicing traditional methods of organic farming like yogik farming, gou mata kheti, Vedic farming, Vaishnav kheti, Ahinsa farming, Adhvoot Shivanand farming, and rishi krishi will be eligible for financial assistance
  2. This will be in addition to those adopting standard organic farming practices like zero-budget natural farming and permaculture

Vedic systems of farming

  1. Rishi krishi is based on pre-Vedic, Vedic and medieval texts like Vishvavallava, Kashyapiyakrishisukti, and Surapala’s Vrikshayurveda
  2. Gou mata kheti is a system of farming which uses cow dung and urine from indigenous breeds of lactating cows

Back2Basics

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)

  1. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana is an elaborated component of Soil Health Management (SHM) of major project National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)
  2. Under PKVY Organic farming is promoted through the adoption of the organic village by cluster approach and PGS certification
  3. Groups of farmers would be motivated to take up organic farming under Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)
  4. Fifty or more farmers will form a cluster having 50-acre land to take up the organic farming under the scheme
  5. The produce will be pesticide residue free and will contribute to improving the health of the consumer
Organic Farming – Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojna (PKVY), NPOF etc.
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