Defence Sector – DPP, Missions, Schemes, Security Forces, etc.

Narendra Modi inducts Scorpene-class submarine Kalvari into Indian Navy


Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: INS Kalvari, INS Sindhushastra, Project-75, Kalvari tiger shark

Mains level: Defense procurement and Make in India

INS Kalvari inducted

  1. PM Modi commissioned India’s first modern conventional submarine, INS Kalvari, into Navy’s fleet
  2. This is the first induction in almost two decades
  3. The Navy last inducted a conventional diesel-electric submarine, INS Sindhushastra, procured from Russia in July 2000

About INS Kalvari

  1. Kalvari is the first of the six Scorpene-class submarines being built as part of Project-75 of the Indian Navy
  2. Kalvari, named after a deep-sea tiger shark, weighs about 1,600 tonnes and carries the sea skimming SM 39 Exocet missiles and the heavyweight wire guided Surface and Underwater Target (SUT) torpedoes


Kalvari tiger shark

  1. The Tiger Shark has a worldwide distribution in tropical and warm temperate seas
  2. It occurs throughout the Indo-Pacific region from the northern Red Sea to South Africa and east through the islands of Oceania and northern New Zealand
  3. This large (>550 cm), omnivorous shark is a relatively fast growing and fecund species
  4. There is evidence of declines for several populations where they have been heavily fished, but in general they do not face a high risk of extinction

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