National Anthem of India


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : National Anthem and Song

Mains level : Not Much

A satellite built by engineering students in Krishna district is all set to beam the country’s national anthem from space, once placed in orbit.

Satellite Kesari

  • Named ‘Kesari’, the satellite is set to be launched into orbit with the help of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
  • Once placed in orbit, the satellite would beam the anthem across the country, which can be picked up by amateur radio (HAM radio) operators anywhere in India who can listen to it after decoding the Morse code.
  • The satellite had a battery management system, high frequency transmitter, antennas and a robust protective system to guard the equipment.
  • The anthem can be heard by ham radio operators and on walkie talkies across the world.
  • It will have a lifespan of more than six months if equipped with solar panels.


National Anthem

  • ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was adopted as the country’s National Anthem by the Constituent Assembly of India on January 24, 1950, the last day of its last session.
  • Dr Rajendra Prasad, the President of the Assembly, and later the President of India for two full terms, had on that day also declared ‘Vande Mataram’ as the National Song.
  • ‘Jana Gana Mana’ is the first stanza of the Bengali hymn ‘Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata’, written by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore in his Anand Math.
  • On December 27, 1911, the National Anthem was first sung at the Calcutta session of the Congress.
  • A slightly varied version of the song was adopted by Subhash Chandra Bose’s Indian National Army in 1941 as the national anthem, called ‘Shubh Sukh Chain’, which also became popular in India since.
  • According to Article 51A (a) of the Constitution: “It shall be the duty of every citizen of India to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem”.

National Song

  • Vande Mataram is a Bengali poem written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in 1870s, which he included in his 1882 novel Anandamath (which is based on Sannyasi Rebellion of 18th century in Bengal).
  • The poem was first sung by Rabindranath Tagore in 1896.
  • The first two verses of the song were adopted as the National Song of India in October 1937 by the Congress Working Committee prior to the end of colonial rule in August 1947.
Notify of
1 Comment
Newest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
2 years ago