From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : National Genomic Grid
Mains level : Need for such grid
National Genomic Grid
- In a move to take cancer research to the next level and make treatment viable for people of different economic classes, the government has plans to set up a National Genomic Grid.
- It will study genomic data of cancer patients from India.
- The grid to be formed will be in line with the National Cancer Tissue Biobank (NCTB) set up at the IIT Madras.
- It will collect samples from cancer patients to study genomic factors influencing cancer and identifying the right treatment modalities for the Indian population.
- The grid will have four parts, with the country divided into east, west, north and south. The genomic samples will help researches to have India-specific studies on cancers.
- The government plans to set up the National Genomic Grid in the same style with pan-India collection centres by bringing all cancer treatment institutions on board.
About National Cancer Tissue Biobank
- The NCTB is functioning in close association with the Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR).
- NCTB, which has the capacity to stock 50,000 genomic samples from cancer patients, already has samples from 3,000 patients.