Mains Paper 2: Governance | Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: NCPCR and its new propositions
Mains level: Reforms in Education System
Regulating the Admission Fee
- The apex body for child rights, the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) has prepared guidelines for regulating admission fee levied by private unaided schools.
- The Commission has also recommended setting up a district-level body which will consult parents and teachers while determining school fee on a case-by-case basis.
- The Commission has studied regulations framed by various States over a period of six months and has included best practices in its model framework.
- As per the procedure laid down by the NCPCR, every school will have to submit its fee proposal online by October 31 for the next academic session, following which an algorithm will calculate the minimum and maximum fee a school can charge.
District Level Panel to decide fees
- This would be then analysed by the DFRC, which will consult representatives from the school as well as its Parent-Teacher Association before arriving at the final decision.
- NCPCR took suo motu cognisance of the problem of exorbitant school fees after it received several complaints on the matter.
- The guidelines recommend setting up a District Fee Regulatory Committee (DFRC) in each district.
- The body will be headed by the Collector or District Magistrate.
Stringent for private schools
- The fee finalised thus will be applicable for three academic years.
- If a school fails to submit its proposal, it may face a ban on new admissions for the entire academic session or withdrawal of its formal recognition.
- If a school is not satisfied with the DFRC decision, it can appeal to the State Appellate Authority whose decision will be final.
National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR)
- The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) was set up in March 2007 under the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005, an Act of Parliament
- NCPCR is a statutory body under the CPCR Act, 2005 under the administrative control of the Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India.
- The Commission’s mandate is to ensure that all Laws, Policies, Programmes, and Administrative Mechanisms are in consonance with the Child Rights perspective as enshrined in the Constitution of India and also the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
- It defines Child as a person in the 0 to 18 years age group.