Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: National Council for Teacher Education, NCTE (Amendment) Bill
Mains level: Vrious initiatives to improve teacher’s education system and their outcomes
Lok Sabha nod to the NCTE (Amendment) Bill
- The Lok Sabha has passed the National Council for Teacher Education (Amendment) Bill to grant retrospective recognition to Central/State institutions that are conducting teacher education courses without NCTE approval
- This has been done as a one-time measure to ensure that the future of students studying in these institutions is not jeopardised
- The NCTE Act, 1993, came into force in 1995 and applies to all parts of India, except the State of Jammu and Kashmir
- All institutions running teacher education courses, such as B.Ed and D.El.Ed have to obtain recognition from the NCTE under section 14 of the NCTE Act
National Council for Teacher Education
- National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) is a statutory body of Indian government set up under the National Council for Teacher Education Act, 1993 in 1995
- It has been established to formally oversee standards, procedures and processes in the Indian education system
- This council functions for the central as well as state governments on all matter with regard to the Teacher Education
- undertake surveys and studies pertaining to all aspects of the teacher education and publish the corresponding results
- For the preparation of suitable plans and programmes regarding the field of teacher education, it makes recommendations to both the state and central governments, universities, University Grants Commission (UGC), and other recognised institutions.
- it coordinates and monitors the teacher education system throughout the country.
- it lays down the guideline for the minimum qualifications need for an individual to be a teacher in schools and recognised institutions.
- it lays downs guidelines for the provision of physical and infrastructural facilities, staffing pattern etc. for the compliance by recognised institutions.
- it lays down standards with respect to examinations, the major criteria for such admission as well as schemes for courses or training.
- it promotes and conducts research and innovation in schools and recognised institutions and then disseminates the results thereof.
- it examines its own laid-down guidelines, norms and standards for the improvement.
- it identifies the recognised institutions and set up new institutions for the developmental programmes of teacher education system.
- it takes up necessary steps for the prevention of the commercialisation of teacher education.
- it also performs other function that is entrusted to it by the central government