Foreign Policy Watch: India-Nepal

Nepal, India agree to finalize MoU on Raxual-Kathmandu railway linePrelims Only


Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Raxual-Kathmandu railway line

Mains level: Enhancing railway connectivity to Nepal


Countering China

  1. A team of Indian authorities already conducted the first round of survey to connect the Indian rail with Kathmandu.
  2. The move came at a time when there is buzz about the Chinese railway crossing the Himalayas to counter the Indian influence in Nepal.
  3. The Chinese railway line has to cross the friction of two-highly sensitive Tibetan and Indian seismic plates to reach from Kerung to Kathmandu.
  4. But the Indian railway was safe in this matter due to comfortable topography.

India-Nepal Cross Border Rail Links

  1. It is aimed to enhance people-to-people linkage and promote economic growth and development in the region.
  2. Nepal too has expeditiously resolved all the outstanding issues including making available remaining land required for completion of the ongoing rail link projects.
  3. Both sides also agreed to put concerted efforts for completion of the railway lines from Jayanagar to Janakpur-Kurtha and from Jogbani to Biratnagar Customs Yard by the October 2018.
  4. Apart from Raxual-Kathmandu railway line, India has already started building five cross-border railway lines while another railway line – Jayanagar to Janakpur-Kurtha is about to complete within a year.

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