Nepal proposes Constitution amendment to meet Madhesis demands

  1. What: Nepal’s government has registered the Constitution amendment bill in Parliament
  2. It is aimed at carving out a new province to meet the demands of agitating Madhesis and other ethnic groups
  3. The bill also proposes to address 3 other key issues — citizenship, representation in the Upper House and recognition of languages spoken in various parts of the country
  4. The bill proposes to list all the mother tongues of Nepal in the schedule of the constitution on the recommendation of the Language Commission
  5. On citizenship, the bill proposes that foreign women married to Nepali men can obtain naturalised citizenship after initiating the process to renounce their citizenship
  6. Re-demarcation of the provincial boundary and citizenship issue are the two major demands put forth by the agitating Madhesi parties
  7. Madhesis, mostly Indian-origin, launched a 6-month-long agitation from Sept last year to February this year
  8. The agitation had also crippled the landlocked country’s economy as supplies from India were blocked
  9. The bill does not say anything about the rights of the naturalised citizens and citizens by birth

Note4students:

This news is mainly important from the mains perspective. The Madhesi agitation drastically affected India’s relations with Nepal, allowing China to make inroads. Indian citizens are also impacted by citizenship issues due to intermarriage in border regions of India and Nepal. Add this to your notes on India-Nepal relations.

Foreign Policy Watch: India-SAARC Nations
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