New Delhi superbug gene reaches the Arctic

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Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: blaNDM-1

Mains level:  Tackling the outbreak of such deadly superbugs


News

  • In a significant find in the global spread of multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria, scientists have found a “superbug” gene — first detected in New Delhi over a decade back — in one of the last “pristine” places on Earth that is some 12,870 km away.
  • A 70-year-old US woman has died in 2016 because of the superbug NDM-1.

Superbug blaNDM-1

  1. Soil samples taken in Svalbard — a Norwegian archipelago between mainland Norway and the North Pole — have now confirmed the spread of blaNDM-1 (called New Delhi Metallo-beta-lactamase-1) into the High Arctic.
  2. The blaNDM-1 and other ARGs were found in Arctic soils that were likely spread through the faecal matter of birds, other wildlife and human visitors to the area.
  3. This Antibiotic-Resistant Gene (ARG), originally found in Indian clinical settings, conditionally provides multi-drug resistance (MDR) in microorganisms, a/c to the research.
  4. British scientists later found the “superbug” in New Delhi’s public water supply.
  5. Since then, the resistant gene has been found in over 100 countries, including new variants.
Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.
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