Labour, Jobs and Employment – Harmonization of labour laws, gender gap, unemployment, etc.

New metric for jobs growth to include informal economy


Mains Paper 3: Economy | Development & employment

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Labour Bureau, NITI Aayog, TDS, GSTN, sixth economic census

Mains level: Job growth and related issues

Expanding the scope of job creation in the country

  1. The government has now decided to start counting jobs created in the non-farm informal sector
  2. The government has asked labour bureau under the Union labour ministry to begin counting jobs created in establishments deploying less than 10 people
  3. It means establishments and shops run by a single owner or with one employee too will be counted as employment generation

A pragmatic definition of workers

  1. In July 2017, a government task force headed by then NITI Aayog vice-chairman had suggested adopting a “pragmatic definition” of formal workers
  2. It recommended that workers covered under private insurance or pension, those subjected to tax deduction at source (TDS) and those working in companies excluded from the Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN) should be considered for counting of jobs

Data coverage

  1. The labour ministry will take the 2013-14 sixth economic census as the base for the new survey of informal jobs
  2. The annual household survey by the department of statistics, the quarterly establishment survey by labour bureau covering eight sectors and 18 subsectors and now the new survey of establishments with less than 10 employees will give a comprehensive picture of jobs in India
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