Mains Paper 2: Governance | Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Idate and Renke Commission Recommendations
Mains level: Welfare measures for the stigmatized de-notified and nomadic tribes
Panel for Nomadic Tribes
- A committee will be set up under NITI Aayog to complete the task of identifying de-notified, nomadic and semi-nomadic communities, especially as they move from place to place in search of a livelihood.
- These communities are hard to reach, less visible, and therefore, frequently left out.
- The committee will follow up on the work of the Renke Commission and the Idate Commission.
- A Welfare Development Board will also be set up under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment to design and implement programmes for these hard-to-reach communities.
Why such move?
- These communities once branded as criminals under the colonial Criminal Tribes Act of 1871, the communities were ‘denotified’ in 1952.
- They continue to face stigma till this day.
- To this end, the condition of the denotified, nomadic and semi-nomadic communities merits special attention.
- The communities which have not been categorised as SC/ST/OBC do not get access to any welfare schemes.
- The earlier commissions — Renke and Idate — had tried to identify and list these communities.
- The major recommendations of the commissions have not been implemented till date.