Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Nilavembu Kudineer
Mains level: Need of promoting AYUSH system of medicines
- The Tamil Nadu government has distributed nilavembu kudineer (a Siddha medicine) concoction to treat people infected with dengue during the outbreak.
Nilavembu kudineer: Healing Dengue and chikungunya
- Under in vitro conditions, nilavembu kudineer (a Siddha medicine) was found to provide protection against chikungunya virus while it was effective as a treatment during acute phase of dengue infection.
- Dengue subtype-2, which is the most prevalent subtype in India, was used for testing the formulation.
- There was significant antiviral activity of the formulation at 3% of human dose onwards.
- Currently, there is no treatment for dengue and chikungunya.
- The mode of action is antiviral in the case of dengue while immuno-modulatory in chikungunya infection.
About Sidhha Medicines
- Siddha medicine is a system of traditional medicine originating in ancient Tamilakam (Tamil Nadu) in South India and Sri Lanka.
- Traditionally, it is taught that the siddhars laid the foundation for this system of medication.
- Siddhars were spiritual adepts who possessed the ashta siddhis, or the eight supernatural powers.
- Agastyar is considered the first siddha and the guru of all siddhars; the siddha system is believed to have been handed over to him by Shiva.
- Siddha is focused on “Ashtamahasiddhi,” the eight supernatural power. Those who attained or achieved these powers are known as Siddhars.
- There were 18 important Siddhars in olden days and they developed this system of medicine.
- The Siddhars wrote their knowledge in palm leaf manuscripts, fragments of which were found in parts of South India.