Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Indigenization of technology & developing new technology
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: WIPO Report 2018
Mains level: India’s position in innovation and measures required to promote innovation culture.
- The number of patents granted by India shot up by 50 per cent in 2017, keeping up a trend of steep increases, according to the UN’s World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO).
World Intellectual Property Report 2018
- The patents granted by India increased from 8,248 in 2016 to 12,387 last year, a/c to the WIPO’s World Intellectual Property Indicators 2018 report released in Geneva.
- Last year’s number was more than double the 6,022 patents granted in 2015, according to WIPO statistics.
- In 2016, 1,115 patents went to domestic individuals or entities and 7,133 to foreigners; And in 2015, 822 were granted to applicants in India and 5,200 to foreigners.
- While India ranked 10th in the number of patents given last year, no Indian company or university figures in last year’s global list of the top 50 patent applicants.
- Pharmaceuticals accounted for 15.7 per cent of the Indian domestic applications for patents last year, the report said.
China is at the Top
- China’s patent authority led the world in the number of patents granted with 420,144 and was followed by the US with 318,829, according to the WIPO.
- In just a few decades, China has constructed an IP system, encouraged homegrown innovation, joined the ranks of the world’s IP leaders – and is now driving worldwide growth in IP filings.
- China received 1.38 million patent applications – which are an indication of patents in the pipeline – more than double that of the US, which had 606,956 applications.
Why such rise?
- Demand for IP (intellectual property) protection is rising faster than the rate of global economic growth, illustrating that IP-backed innovation is an increasingly critical component of competition and commercial activity
- The WIPO said the steep increase in the number was driven by patents granted to foreigners, which accounted for 85 per cent of the total increase.
- Globally, 1.4 million patents were granted in 2017, the report estimated.
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