From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Nothing much
Mains level : Delhi Air pollution
The odd-even scheme will make a comeback in Delhi four years after it was first implemented.
- Delhi Chief Minister announced that the road rationing scheme will be a part of a seven-point programme to combat pollution.
- The scheme will be implemented when Delhi’s air is at its worst
- post-festival pollution combines with
- smog from stubble burning in Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh
- particulate matter from tailpipes of vehicles
- In the last three years, the government resorted to knee-jerk reactions which did very little to improve the city’s air quality.
- The road rationing scheme allows vehicles to ply on alternate days, depending on odd and even number plates.
- It was introduced in 2016 as a desperate measure after the Delhi High Court asked the state government to submit a time-bound plan.
- A fight between the Delhi government and NGT came in the way of its implementation in 2017.
- The NGT said that any relaxation would come in the way of improving the city’s air quality.
- But the government wanted exemptions for two-wheelers.
- The government argued that Delhi’s public transport wasn’t equipped to handle the fallout of extending road-rationing to two-wheelers.
- The government has nearly two months to iron out glitches and sort out differences that could come in the way of smooth implementation of the plan.
- It needs to ensure that the city’s public transport system is able to meet the needs of commuters on days when their vehicles will be off the roads.
The odd-even scheme is not a magic bullet to clean up Delhi’s bad air. But the scheme is a part of a bouquet of pollution-control measures.