Climate Change Impact on India and World – International Reports, Key Observations, etc.

[op-ed snap] India’s climate score: high on vulnerability, low on resilience

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Nothing much

Mains level : Climate change risk and importance of resilience

CONTEXT

HSBC’s 2018 assessment of India ranks it as the country most vulnerable to climate change.

Problems

  • Against scientific warnings, carbon emissions continue to rise in China, the U.S., and India.
  • Brazil is encouraging unprecedented deforestation of the Amazon rainforest. As forest fires worsen global warming, the hardest hit by the resulting floods, storms, heatwaves, and droughts will be in India.
  • Cutting hurdles to investment can boost short-term growth and benefit interest groups. But damaging the environment would be self-defeating as it would impact long-term growth and well-being.

India – vulnerability

  • A number of Indian States have experienced extreme heatwaves in the past three years, and Delhi recently recorded a temperature of 48°C, its hottest day in 21 years. 
  • India’s exposure to climate hazards is heightened by the location of its coastline in the Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. 
  • India also has a high population density located in the danger zone. For instance, Kerala, which experienced intense floods and landslides in 2018 and 2019, is among the States with the highest density.
  • Increasing temperatures and changing seasonal rainfall patterns are aggravating droughts and hurting agriculture across the country. 
  • Extreme storms like the one that hit Odisha this year and the floods that swept Chennai in 2015 are damaging when infrastructure is not resilient.

Importance of resilience

  1. India must boost its coastal and inland defences. 
  2. It needs to do more to build resilience in the sectors of agriculture, fisheries, manufacturing, energy, transport, health, and education. 
  3. The priority for spending at the national and State levels for disaster management needs to rise. 
  4. Adequate resources must also be allocated for implementing climate action plans that most States have now prepared.
  5. India must reinforce its infrastructure and adapt its agriculture and industry.
  6. India should replace urgently its fossil fuels with renewable energy.

Way ahead

  • Global leadership must act with greater urgency.
  • Countries should switch rapidly from polluting fossil fuels to cleaner renewable energy.
  • There is a need for building much stronger coastal and inland defences against climatic damage.
Subscribe
Notify of
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments