Mains Paper 2: IR | India and its neighborhood- relations.
Q.) “India and China need to conduct bilateral consultations on various issues – ranging from Afghan reconciliation to regional economic development.” Can it help both countries to solve their issues with each other?
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Not Much
Mains level: It is important to know post-Doklam strategy of both the countries.
- The article talks about the current issues between India and China, and the lessors that we learnt from the Doklam Standoff
What after the Doklam Standoff?
- Several significant questions remain unanswered about the terms and conditions of the resolution
- But it provides India and China an opportunity to reflect over what went wrong and rearrange this important bilateral relationship
- Also, we need to examine the political strategy guiding India’s military deployment at Doklam
(1) India is on its own
- The most self-evident lesson from the Doklam stand-off is that we inhabit a ‘self-help’ world
- It is important to note that none of the major powers unambiguously and unreservedly supported India’s position on Doklam
(2) China’s unnecessary concerns in South Asia
- The second lesson is that China is unlikely to respect India’s ‘special relationships’ with its neighbours
- India has long enjoyed a special status in the South Asian region and often treated it as its exclusive backyard
- With China expanding its influence in the region and it is competing for status and influence
Other issues between India and China
- It is also becoming abundantly clear is that the slowed down ‘Special Representatives’ talks on the India-China boundary question have not yielded much so far
- And it is perhaps the appropriate occasion to revamp the dialogue process
- The 19 rounds of talks held till last year have hardly anything substantive to show for them in terms of the resolution of the boundary dispute
- Indeed, the focus is increasingly shifting from conflict resolution to conflict management
- It is high time, therefore, that the two countries appointed dedicated high-ranking officials to discuss the boundary issues in a more sustained and result-oriented manner
The way forward
- While Doklam may now be a thing of the past, Sino-Indian ties are never likely to be the same again
- There will be skirmishes, war of words and attempts to outmanoeuvre each other in the neighbourhood and beyond
- India needs to constantly look over its shoulders for potential Chinese surprises, there is also an urgent need to adopt a multi-pronged strategy to deal with Beijing
- The two sides also need to conduct bilateral consultations on various issues, like regional economic development