Tax Reforms

[op-ed of the day] Making anonymity workMains Onlyop-ed snap

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Nothing Much

Mains level : Proposed tax reforms in Budget


Note- Op-ed of the day is the most important editorial of the day. Aspirants should try to cover at least this editorial on a daily basis to have command over most important issues in news. It will help in enhancing and enriching the content in mains answers. Please do not miss at any cost.

CONTEXT

An important announcement in the finance minister’s budget speech pertains to the introduction of a system of faceless tax scrutiny assessment.

Meaning of  faceless tax scrutiny assessment.

  • Such an assessment is commendable because in the first place, it means that the assessing officer would not know the taxpayer’s identity and would use only the online filing, and technology platform, to scrutinise the details of the tax payer.
  • Second, there won’t be any personal interaction between the tax payer and the tax officer.
  • This step aims to eliminate corruption in the tax department.
  • Clarity – For faceless tax scrutiny to be successful in all respects, the most important rule is that tax rules ought to be drafted with utmost clarity.
  • Unfortunately, in our Indian tax system, legal disputes ensue because tax laws are not drafted with clarity and are hence misused by tax officers.
  • Litigation -Such litigation adds to cases in the country’s already overburdened courts.
  •  It is, therefore, more important to draft tax rules with clarity before embarking on faceless tax scrutiny.

Reforms

  • Taxpayer friendly –The tax department should be more taxpayer friendly.
  • The department’s object should not be to maximise tax revenue by making unlawful additions to the taxable income of tax payers or by denying them timely tax refunds.
  • Even though we follow the online tax assessment system, tax payers are not issued large refunds in time.
  • One receives an assessment order or an order giving effect to tax appeals but refunds are issued at end of the financial year — that too without interest from the date of the order to the date of the issue of refund.
  • So before resorting to faceless scrutiny, it would be desirable to make the current online assessment more taxpayer friendly.
  • Last year, the CBDT issued a circular stating that the commissioners of appeal will be rewarded for issuing more orders in favour of the department than those in favour of the taxpayers. This was totally uncalled for.
  • It is important to fix accountability of tax officers and ensure that they pass assessment orders according to the tax statutes.

Case study of an Archaic provision

  • It is not easy for NRIs to sell their property in India.
  • After finding the buyer, they have to get a tax clearance under section 195 or 197 for each sale transaction before registering the sale deed. Such deals often fall through due to delay in securing tax clearance.”
  • To avoid harassment of NRI taxpayers, a circular was issued setting a time limit of 30 days to issue a clearance certificate.
  • But that has not been of much help, because of the corruption in the department and the unfriendly attitudes of tax officers. Taxpayers are issued online notices to submit affidavits or papers, which are not relevant to the determination of the tax or the TDS amount.
  • A person registering a sale deed without obtaining a tax clearance certificate — by accepting a token amount — can be subject to harassment.

Difficult Taxing procedure

  • At present, tax scrutiny assessments are done online.
  • Tax payers receive notices asking them to submit irrelevant details and papers.
  • They are issued notices stating that the required details have not been submitted in time.
  • Tax payers could be subject to penalty, prosecution or an income tax survey. Even senior citizens are not spared.
  • Facing the threat of a survey, the tax payer approaches the tax officer personally to manage the assessment.

Conclusion

Faceless scrutiny will definitely put an end to corruption as the personal interaction between a taxpayer and tax officer will not happen. But before that, the government must ensure that tax officers do not pass unlawful orders online. Tax statutes too need to be drafted with clarity.

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