Foreign Policy Watch: India – EU

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Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Eurozone, Brexit

Mains level: India-EU partnership


Context

Europe recovering

  1. Growth is picking up in the Eurozone
  2. Unemployment is at its lowest in the past nine years
  3. The challenges that the EU has faced recently have also been a driver for greater integration

India-EU share similar challenges and values

  1. The challenges are: Climate change and terrorism
  2. Similar values: Both believe in multilateralism, cooperation, and a rules-based international order rather than the unilateral use of force and coercion
  3. Both believe democracy, human rights and the rule of law to be the best means to secure freedom and prosperity for our peoples

Partnership between the EU and India

  1. Today, the EU is India’s largest trading partner and investor
  2. This will hardly change after Brexit
  3. European companies are investing in India and partnering with Indian companies
  4. Highly-qualified Indian workers have been contributing to the European economy for decades

EU-India security partnership

  1. The EU has gradually emerged as a strategic actor on the global scene
  2. The partnership between India and the EU as a whole has great potential

Way forward

  1. India should continue its momentum of engagement with EU
  2. It should take this partnership further and promote concrete cooperation in areas such as counter-terrorism, the Indian Ocean and cybersecurity

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