From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : OIC
Mains level : OIC - Kashmir
The OIC’s Kashmir Contact Group issued a statement calling on India to “rescind its actions revoking Article 370”.
Impact of the statement
- It allows the Pakistan Prime Minister to sell the theory back at home that his trip to New York has met with some success.
- From the mid-1990s, when this Contact Group was formed, it has issued several statements on behalf of Pakistan.
- Pakistan is a member along with Turkey, Niger, Azerbaijan, and Saudi Arabia. It boasts of a membership of 57 countries
- It is headquartered in Jeddah and receives its financial raison d’etre from its chief benefactor, Saudi Arabia.
- Its influence on world affairs has always been marginal.
Differences within OIC
- It is doubtful if the statement issued by the Contact Group reflects the national positions of the individual member states.
- UAE conferred the Order of Zayed, its highest civilian award on Prime Minister Narendra Modi, more than a week after New Delhi’s moves on Article 370, and declared that Kashmir was India’s internal matter.
- The OIC’s record of conflict resolution on issues between OIC member states is poor.
- Its attempts to meddle in Kashmir by appointing a so-called special envoy on Jammu and Kashmir, have amounted to nothing.
Need for reforms in OIC
- The organisation is constituted on religious lines but seeking to fulfill geopolitical interests, needs reforms from within.
- It should ask Pakistan to change its state policy on terrorism.
- Pakistan should abjure support to Kashmir-centric groups such as the Jaish-e-Mohammed and the Lashkar-e-Taiba.
- India, though not a part of the OIC, has the second-largest number of Muslims in the world.
- It can mediate between warring Saudi Arabia and Yemen.
India must demonstrate to the world that its new Kashmir policy is in the larger interest of all Kashmiris.
The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) (formerly Organization of the Islamic Conference) is the second-largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations which has a membership of 57 states spread over four continents.