Foreign Policy Watch: India-China

[op-ed snap] On the line: India and China

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Mains Paper 2: IR | India and its neighborhood- relations.

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Not much

Mains level: The newscard briefly talks about the current issues between India and China


Unique meeting between the Special Representatives of India and China on the boundary question(held recently)

  1. The talks came more than 20 months after the last round, reflecting a period of extreme strain in India-China ties
  2. Meeting was held between India’s NSA and Chinese State Councillor
  3. The two sides were best poised to move ahead in the three-step process that was part of the Agreement on ‘Political Parameters and Guiding Principles for the Settlement of the India-China Boundary Question’ in 2005
  4. That is, defining the guidelines for the settlement of border disputes, formulating a framework agreement on the implementation of the guidelines, and completing border demarcation

Guided by Modi-Xi vision

  1. Both the representatives were guided by the Modi-Xi agreements of 2017, including the ‘Astana consensus’ that “differences must not be allowed to become disputes”
  2. And the understanding at Xiamen that India-China relations “are a factor of stability” in an increasingly unstable world

Are Sino-Indian relations improving?

  1. It would be a mistake, however, to infer that with all these engagements the worst in bilateral ties is now behind the two countries
  2. Since 2013, when the Border Defence Cooperation Agreement was signed, there has been a steady decline in relations in all spheres
  3. The border has seen more transgressions, people-to-people ties have suffered amid mutual suspicion
  4. And China’s forays in South Asia as well as India’s forays into South-East Asian sea lanes have increasingly become areas of contestation

How India sees the contentious situations?

  1. In India, this is seen as the outcome of China’s ambition of geopolitical domination

How China sees the contentious situations?

  1. China sees the U.S.-India defence agreements, the Quadrilateral engagement with Japan, Australia and the U.S., and Indian opposition to the BRI quite the same way(geopolitical domination)
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