Electoral Reforms In India

[op-ed snap] Posers on the code

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Election Commission

Mains level : Election commission has been less powerful in controlling misconduct in 2019 General Elections.


CONTEXT

The Opposition has been complaining frequently about what it believes is the Election Commission’s leniency towards the ruling BJP, and Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The focus is now on the manner in which the EC is dealing with complaints against Mr. Modi for some of his controversial campaign speeches.

Complaints

  • While complaints against other leaders were promptly dealt with, there was an obvious delay in taking up those against Mr. Modi. Few would have failed to notice that he has been running an abrasive campaign.
  •  It was only after the matter reached the Supreme Court that the three-member EC began to dispose of the complaints.
  • It has found nothing wrong in most of the remarks about which complaints were made for possible violation of the Model Code of Conduct.
  • What is disconcerting is the EC’s finding that none of his remarks touching on the role of the armed forces under his rule violates the directive against the use of the armed forces for political propaganda.
  • That some of these decisions were not unanimous, but marked by dissent from one of the Election Commissioners, points to the seriousness of the credibility crisis the institution is facing.

Election Commission’s Reactions

  • So far the EC has rejected six complaints.
  • The prohibition against the use of the armed forces in election propaganda is to underscore their apolitical nature and to deny ruling parties the opportunity to project their performance as their own achievements.
  • Yet, the EC has decided that none of the references to air strikes, the nuclear option and dealing with Pakistan attracted the bar under the MCC.
  • It is difficult not to speculate that had the same remarks been made by other candidates, they may have attracted a ban on campaigning for a period.

Conclusion

The EC has so far retained its well-founded reputation, although there have been occasional complaints in the past that questioned its impartiality. It is unfortunate that this reputation for independence and even-handedness is starkly under question in this election.

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