Waste Management – SWM Rules, EWM Rules, etc

[op-ed snap] Reduce, segregate: On plastic ban

 Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: World Environment Day, Bureau of Indian Standards

Mains level: Scourge of plastic waste in India & world and methods that can reduce it


Context

Plastic ban in Maharashtra

  1. Maharashtra has put a ban on several consumer articles made of plastic, after a three-month notice period to industry and users
  2. It is being termed as naturally disruptive and extreme

Need for reducing plastic usage

  1. Today, stemming the plastic tide is a national imperative
  2. India hosted this year’s World Environment Day and PM Modi made a high-profile pledge, to international acclaim, that it would do away with all single-use plastics by 2022
  3. Worldwide, the problem has got out of hand, with only 9% of about nine billion tonnes of plastic produced getting recycled

What led to the ban?

  1. India has an uninspiring record when it comes to handling waste
  2. India’s plastic waste is estimated officially at 26,000 tonnes a day
  3. If the Centre and the States had got down to dealing with the existing regulations on plastic waste management and municipal solid waste, a ban would not even have become necessary
  4. Specifications for the recycling of different types of plastics were issued two decades ago by the Bureau of Indian Standards

What needs to be done?

  1. There has to be an effort on a war footing to segregate this waste at source
  2. Priority should be given to stop the generation of mixed waste, which prevents recovery of plastics
  3. Companies covered by extended producer responsibility provisions must be required to take back their waste
  4. Incentives to reduce the use of plastic carry bags, single-use cups, plates and cutlery must be in place
  5. Retailers must be required to switch to paper bags
  6. Carry bag production using cloth can create more jobs than machines using plastic pellets
  7. The Urban Development Secretary in each State, who heads the monitoring committee under the rules, should be mandated to produce a monthly report on how much plastic waste is collected, including details of the types of chemicals involved, and the disposal methods
  8. Such compulsory disclosure norms will maintain public pressure on the authorities, including the State Pollution Control Boards

Way Forward

  1. Plastics became popular because they are inexpensive, can be easily produced and offer great convenience
  2. Their wild popularity has turned them into a scourge
  3. We need substitutes for plastic, incentives to re-use, and better waste disposal
Subscribe
Notify of
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments