[op-ed snap] The bilateral limits of hype: on India-U.S. relations

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Effect of policies & politics of developed & developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Not much

Mains level: India-US relations in recent past and way forward


Context

Transactional nature of American foreign policy

  1. The postponement of the India-U.S. 2+2 dialogue between the Foreign and Defence Ministers of both countries, that had been scheduled for July 6 has to be seen with the personality of Mr. Trump
  2. Mr. Trump has set his eyes on spectacles that suit him
  3. His every move on the global stage enrages his domestic political opponents and the professional strategic community alike and he is happy, as this keeps his political base constantly on the boil
  4. North Korea, Syria, Afghanistan, trade deficit, and all global challenges before America are the faults of his predecessors, he repeatedly tells supporters

Impact of this policy on ties

  1. China today threatens the dominance of the U.S., but America’s security establishment and political elite are obsessed with Russia
  2. India gets caught in that internal American fight too
  3. An American law now requires the President to impose sanctions on any country that has significant security relations with Russia
  4. India and China are in the same basket for Mr. Trump on many issues that agitate him
  5. His administration considers India and China as violators of intellectual property laws, as countries that put barriers to trade and subsidise exports and use state power to control markets
  6. Amongst all adversaries, the Pentagon and the U.S. arms industry work in India’s favor

Way forward

  1. India-U.S. relations will be better off without hype and grand theories, often encouraged by the government
  2. The U.S. has overlapping interests with China, and India has overlapping interests with both
  3. Avoiding the hyperbole could help manage India’s troubles with Pakistan and China better
Foreign Policy Watch: India-United States
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