Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
The following things are important from UPSC perspective:
Prelims: Particulars of the SCO
Mains level: The article comprehensively explains the current issues related to India and the SCO. The UPSC is known to ask direct questions on such kind of topics. Very important for Mains Paper 2.
- The article talks about the relations between India and the SCO.
Speculations about the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)
- India’s relations with Pakistan and China have entered a difficult phase has also generated apprehensions in India about the forum creating new pressures on Jammu and Kashmir
Is the SCO’s objective and India’s expectations same?
- Countering extremism, terrorism and separatism is a major objective of the SCO
- Sceptics would say the apparent convergence between what the SCO does and India wants may be somewhat deceptive
- They would insist that the difficulties encountered by the recent Indian bid to isolate Pakistan in various international forums should caution India against expecting too much on this front at the SCO
What India should do?
- India must persist in the belief that change is inevitable and purposeful diplomacy can allow India to probe for new opportunities for regional security cooperation
- The recent kidnapping and killing of two Chinese nationals in Pakistan underlines the prospect that Beijing can’t forever remain untouched by the terror nurtured by Pakistan
Issues related to Belt and road initiative
- Differences between China’s President Xi Jinping and Prime Minister Narendra Modi could not be masked
- If Xi argued that the SCO could become a major vehicle for its ambitious Belt and Road Initiative, Modi articulated India’s reservations, especially the impact of the project on India’s sovereignty in Kashmir
Effective steps by the Indian PM
- The PM appears to have found the right balance between articulating India’s concerns and underlining India’s promise to strengthen inner Asian regionalism
- He outlined a realistic approach towards the SCO that combined a strong emphasis on countering terrorism and a readiness to explore win-win solutions for expanding connectivity