Electric and Hybrid Cars – FAME, National Electric Mobility Mission, etc.

[op-ed snap] The road to e-vehicles


Mains Paper 2: Governance | Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Not Much

Mains level: Need for a pan-India policy for smoother transition towards clean mobility.


Leading by example

  1. Jharkhand government has recently introduced electric vehicles for official use.
  2. While 20 vehicles have been acquired for the first phase, another 30 are expected to be added to the fleet in the coming weeks.

E-Vehicles integral to Smart Cities Mission

  1. In the current scenario of soaring fuel prices and the spectre of climate change looming large over the planet, it is a welcome step that a Jharkhand government is taking the lead in switching to e-vehicles.
  2. Clean mobility powered by clean energy is our most powerful weapon in our fight against climate change.
  3. It is a well known fact that government officials are tremendous guzzlers of fossil fuel.
  4. It is very realistic opinion that they could exchange their petroleum-based vehicles for electric ones.

Motivation for others

  1. If other States and the Centre were to follow the example set by Jharkhand, it would have two positive spin-offs.
  2. First, it would encourage the spread of a transportation infrastructure specific to e-vehicles.
  3. And second, it would spur the early adoption of e-vehicles by first-time buyers, generating consumer momentum for India’s stated goal of ensuring that by 2030.
  4. This is not far-fetched as quite a few countries, such as Norway and France, already have a substantial percentage of their vehicles running on either electricity or alternate fuels.

Way Forward

  1. Electric vehicles are also an integral component of smart cities, as they are an automatic assumption in frameworks of smart transportation.
  2. Meanwhile, the government needs to speed up the formulation of rules for e-vehicles as a category.
  3. The policy makers must come up with an India-specific road map for a transition that needs to be smooth if only because it is inevitable.
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