Primary and Secondary Education – RTE, Education Policy, SEQI, RMSA, Committee Reports, etc.

[op-ed snap] Transparent Marking


Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Particulars of the NSSO, NAS, etc.

Mains level: The newscard talks about the new education policy and how it will help in providing a robust education assessment data, important for implementing education policies of the government. It also discusses some other efforts done by the government in the same direction.


The Kasturirangan Committe

  1. The committee will release the New Education Policy
  2. The policy will outline the principles, policies and, specific programmes and pilots that will guide education delivery in the country
  3. This year will also usher in a new era of evidence-based education policy discussions and debates, based on systematic annual assessments

 National Achievement Survey (NAS): Will provide systemic data on learning levels

  1. A much-improved National Achievement Survey (NAS) was conducted in November of 2017 and the results will be out in early 2018
  2. However, from now on, instead of being a sporadic assessment, it will be a regular annual assessment
  3. From this year, NAS will collect data at the district-level and not at the state level
  4. The limitation is that NAS assesses only government school students
  5. This will complement the NGO Pratham’s ASER, a household-based survey that includes rural private and government school students

Formulation under the RTE

  1. The recently amended RTE Rules require each state to formulate grade-level learning outcomes and ensure that they are achieved
  2. States have adopted some variation of the NCERT-suggested learning standards and several states have already started their own assessments

Transparency level increased: Aadhaar

  1. The Aadhaar linkage with students and teachers are giving us more accurate data on student enrolment as well as school staff
  2. Kerala and Haryana have found several lakh “ghost” students and recently the MHRD found about 80,000 “ghost” teachers

Other efforts done by the government

  1. The government is also working on improving the quality and depth of education budget data
  2. In 2018, we will have far more accurate and more nuanced understanding of the various resources devoted to education by all levels of governments

The input and outcome data must be available in the public domain 

  1. An open data platform for education will help open ideological blindfolds and bring convergence on some of the most critical debates in our education policy
  2. Most of the input data(like DISE, NSSO) are fully in the public domain and many independent researchers have been able to analyse them
  3. In contrast, almost all the outcome data (NAS, ASER and learning assessments by states) are not fully in public domain
  4. Only “processed data,” comprising final results on the chosen parameters are made public
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