Disasters and Disaster Management – Sendai Framework, Floods, Cyclones, etc.

[op-ed snap] Washed out: On the floods in eastern and western Indiaop-ed snap

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Mains Paper 3: Disaster Management | Disaster and disaster management.

Q.) “Protocols followed by State governments to deal with floods need an urgent review.” Comment.

From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims Level: Particulars of the NDRF

Mains Level: The article gives important suggestions for disaster management.



  1. In the article, the writer talks about the recent floods in eastern and western India and give some suggestions for better disaster management

What we need to counter these situations?

  1. At least 600 people are dead and thousands of people are displaced due to recent floods in eastern and western India
  2. To deal with such frequent, destructive weather events we need a massive capacity-building programme

What people need from government?

  1. There are many actions people need on the ground
    (1) short-term housing
    (2) food and safe water
    (3) access to health care and protection for women, children and the elderly

Problem in using disaster relief funds

  1. Some States have not been able to use disaster relief funds as intended
  2. And the Centre has asked them to set off the unutilised portion when making fresh claims

How to mitigate damage?

  1. A review of the deployment of National Disaster Response Force teams near waterbodies is needed
  2. The experience NDRF together with data compiled by the Central Water Commission can reveal the hotspots where better management can mitigate damage

The way forward

  1. Governments cannot expect that people with good incomes will take calamitous losses, with neither social support nor financial instruments available to rebuild lives
  2. A vigorous monsoon is vital for the economy, but governments should be prepared to deal with the consequences of excess rainfall
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